There are two groups of people who can contribute greatly towards the attainment of air cleanliness. These two are also, conversely, the groups of people who can mess up with air cleanliness completely (if they don’t do the right things).
The first group of people who can contribute greatly towards the attainment of air cleanliness is that of industrialists. These can contribute to air cleanliness by adopting production technologies that are friendly to the environment. These can also contribute to air cleanliness by using fuels that are friendly to the environment, and by disposing of their wastes (including the various effluents) in ways that are friendly to the environment.
The second group of people who can contribute greatly towards the attainment of air cleanliness is that of motorists. These can contribute to air cleanliness by maintaining their vehicles such that they don’t go about emitting smoke (which is injurious to air cleanliness). The specific steps they need to take may be as simple as those of seeing to it that they replace their air and fuel filters regularly.
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The oil drilling and processing industry is one that is often blamed for messing up with air cleanliness in major ways. We come to learn that there are at least two key ways in which the said industry can mitigate its adverse impact on air cleanliness.
The first way in which the oil drilling and processing industry can mitigate its adverse impact on air cleanliness is by using improved crude oil refining technologies. This not only deals with some of the air pollution issues associated with older oil refinery technologies, but it also has the potential to make the whole business more profitable. The extra profits can then go into the pockets of the investors, with some being devoted to corporate social responsibility, in the form of public assistance and provision of human services to the communities around the oil wells and refineries.
The second way in which the oil drilling and processing industry can mitigate its adverse impact on air cleanliness is by coming up with uses for the ‘waste’ that comes out of the oil refining process. This calls for the establishment of a petro-chemical industry on the side. That way, instead of the ‘waste’ products being disposed openly, they are directed to the manufacture of the said petro-chemicals.
It is often asserted that one of the key threats to air cleanliness is industrialization. But whenever this assertion is made, critical thinkers tend to raise questions as to how exactly industrialization leads to loss of air cleanliness. That is the question we will now proceed to answer.
Now the first way in which industrialization leads to loss of air cleanliness is through the use of wrong fuels in industrial processes. Fuels like, say, coal have been found to be rather unfriendly to the environment. There are cleaner fuels, but harnessing them often turns out to be expensive: hence the preference for the cheaper (but dirtier) fuels.
The second way in which industrialization leads to loss of air cleanliness is through the use of the wrong industrial production systems. Here we are looking at, say, the sorts of production systems that lead to incomplete combustion of fuels, which in turn leads to harmful emissions being released into the atmosphere.
The third way in which industrialization leads to the loss of air cleanliness is through the wrong disposal of industrial waste. The nature of certain forms of industrial waste is such that they cannot be disposed off in land-fills. Yet that is what some industrial operators opt to do: often leading to considerable environmental degradation.